New Criminal Drone Laws Take Effect

By James E. Mackler

James Mackler Unmanned Aerial Systems Attorney

Tennessee recently passed a bill making it a crime to fly an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, commonly known as a “drone,” over large, ticketed public gatherings of 100 or more people, into fireworks displays, or over jails. The law will take effect on July 1st. Although it might seem at first like this law is a solution looking for a problem, it turns out that the legislation was prompted by actual events.

In the past year, the FAA has investigated numerous drone sightings over professional stadiums sporting events. Also, on July 4th of last year, a man flew a drone into Nashville’s largest fireworks display, gaining national attention. There has also been a rash of incidents involving attempted air-drop deliveries of contraband by drones to jails.

It is dangerous and reckless to fly a drone over a large crowd, into a fireworks display, or over a jail to deliver contraband. Under current law, however, it has been difficult for the police to charge drone operators engaged in these activities. For example, although the FAA restricts flights over large outdoor events, there has been some question about whether these restrictions apply to drones. Flight into fireworks is not an obvious violation of any particular state law.  Delivering contraband to a jail is already a crime, but until the payload is dropped, the flight itself is in a gray area.

Under the new law, drone operators can be sentenced to up to 30 days in jail for violations. Although there is no question that this law addresses serious safety concerns, the law raises some interesting legal issues. For example, the Federal government has long held exclusive jurisdiction over the “navigable airspace” above the surface of the earth. The law defining “navigable airspace,” however, developed before the widespread use of drones. Drones can and do navigate all the way down to the ground. The FAA, consequently, insists that its jurisdiction over drones extends to the ground. This means that Tennessee, through this law, is asserting a claim to govern the same space that the FAA claims the exclusive power to control.

Drone operators should not view this legal uncertainty as an opportunity to challenge the new law. They should, instead, understand that the law prohibits such flights for good reason.  Operators who would violate the law are reckless and irresponsible. They risk injuring spectators. They also add to the undeserved public distrust of the large community of responsible drone enthusiasts. Increased distrust can only result in restrictions and regulations, which are likely to be much less reasonable than the law taking effect in July.


James Mackler will Present Unmanned Aerial Systems Regulations at Upcoming Summit

Bonelaw attorney James E. Mackler is slated as a speaker at the upcoming Tennessee Digital Government Summit, where he will present “UAS—A New Frontier?”

Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) is an emerging hot topic for both technologists and enthusiasts, but unless regulations are followed, these systems can remain grounded. James will cover the many drone activities taking place in Middle Tennessee and what UAS operators need to know in order to be legally compliant.

James is the founder of the firm’s UAS focus, the first of its kind in the region. He began practicing law in 1997 and has focused on regulatory compliance, civil litigation and federal criminal defense. His UAS clients range across industries, including agriculture, surveying, videography, military and government agencies.

The Tennessee Digital Summit will be held Thursday, June 11, 2015, at the Nashville Airport Marriott. Click here for more information.





Bone McAllester Norton PLLC is a full-service law firm with 38 attorneys and offices in Nashville, Sumner and Williamson counties, Tennessee. Our attorneys focus on 18 distinct practice areas, providing the wide range of legal services ordinarily required by established and growing businesses and entrepreneurs. Among our practices, we represent clients in business and capital formation, mergers and acquisitions, securities matters, commercial lending and creditors’ rights, commercial real estate and development, governmental regulatory matters, commercial litigation and dispute resolution, intellectual property strategy and enforcement, entertainment and environmental matters. Our client base reflects the firm’s deep understanding and coverage of today’s leading industry and business segments. For more information, visit